It doesn’t matter what level of ability you have in Forex trading. Whether you are an experienced, veteran or beginner trader, Forex trading automated software can help you. There are constantly potential dangers when trading in any market — and it’s the same with software. There are a ton of scams on the internet. Fraudulent software can be avoided by conducting due tirelessness on any organization.
Last but most definitely not least, anyone thinking of using auto trading software must understand the risks involved. There is a good reason why most robots return a very high win to loss rate (often above 80%, sometimes even 90%). That reason is that simply having such a high win rate means that when you do suffer a loss, that loss is substantial. You must be able to psychologically absorb the occasional such loss in the face of a streak of much smaller wins. It is simple mathematical probability that an automated system that wins 90% of the time has wins that are much smaller than its losses.
Next comes the expiration date for the investment portfolio (end of April) and they do not give clear instructions, delay time, respond with a delay, redirect to one another, so I just decide to fix the minimum loss http://prntscr.com/f8m9ba http://prntscr.com/f8mln6 . And it seems that you can calm down a little, but it was not so, now they are not in a hurry to restore my account on the terms of insurance against loss and as a consequence to withdraw the deposit! I tried to contact their regulator and when I found out that they have an expired certificate of compliance of the regulator http://prntscr.com/f8suda , I immediately decided to withdrawal of funds what is on the balance sheet, without waiting for the account to be restored. Today on May 17, 2017 Fomin phoned to me from a hidden number and in a bad connection tried to impose his opinion on me that I did not wait for the account to be restored, that I closed the transactions myself, that the investment period had not yet expired, he was ready to offer another manager. When he realized that his tricks did not work, he interrupted the conversation, saying that he would confer with the leadership.
Automated Forex trading software is a PC program that analyses currency price charts, as well as other market activity. It determines the signals, it tracks spread discrepancies, and trends in price and news that may affect the market, in order to locate potentially beneficial currency pair trades. For instance, a software program will utilise criteria that the user sets, and will determine a currency pair trade that satisfies the predefined parameters for profitability, and it will also broadcast a purchase or sell alert. On this alert, the software can be programmed to automatically carry out the trade.
AI provides accurate statistical analysis backed by historical data and trends every time. It barres human errors. It is also unbiased which prevents human emotion or misconceptions to mislead them. For example, if a trader has lost money consistently on a currency pair, he might be more inclined to stay away from that currency pair even if the opportunity presents itself. AI is not affected by the past and is always objective toward any market.
Actually robots are good and very useful. They automate our trading and help us to get better results and performance. Of course this depends on the robots. For example i mix manual trading and automated managing of these trades. I use a robot called profit defender to set automatic trailing stops to my manually opened trades. This way i don’t care about my trades when i am not in front of my computer. If there are any other traders who do the same please share your experience here i would like to get other traders opinion.
You are right about the semi-automated robots that help the traders manage their positions, move the stop loss and target, hide the stop loss and target from the broker and… . They are good. In the above article I am talking about the fully automated robots that are sold over the internet. They make the novice traders lose money and get disappointed on trading.
The AvaTrade AutoTrader is a trading system that has been called a revolution in the online trading market. Traders can take advantage of the reliability of a highly respected Forex brokerage in conjunction with trading strategies from global trade leaders. They can choose from a wide range of strategies and ‘buy’ the strategy that has performed best in a chosen period of time. Once they have chosen a particular strategy, it starts to automatically execute buy and sell orders in his Forex trading account.
As soon as you sign-up for FAP Turbo you’ll receive your very own welcome package and access to your FAPT3 Members area. From here you’ll be given your unique License/Receipt# for the robot (which you can find on the License Management page). As soon as the robot is installed on your computer, you’re ready to follow the step-by-step training instructions and set yourself on the path to success.
FXCM (Forex Capital Markets) was founded in 1999 in the U.S.A. and was an early pioneer of internet-based trading. FXCM was listed among the fastest growing companies by Inc. 500 List of America’s Fastest Growing Companies three years in a row. The FXCM Group has headquarters in New York, with offices around the globe in places such as the U.K., France, Italy, and Australia. It is regulated and licensed in each of them. FXCM is also a publicly traded company on the Nasdaq Exchange, the major U.S. exchange listing the equity of large technology-based companies.
XTick Extreme is a classic technical analysis platform. You can make tecnical analysis of forex market in realtime. Now we have sevral separate forex feeds. System includes about 100 technical indicators and supports different types of charts - Linear, Dots, Bars, Candles, Kagi, Renko, Point and Figure, Three Lines Break charts, Heiken-Ashi. System is independent of brokers, any trader can use it to make professional technical analysis.
The Forex market is all about exchange rates which are being presented in the form of charts, tables and graphs and these are made possible through the use of Forex charting software. At the moment, the Forex market is inundated with several Forex charting software programs but identifying and choosing the best Forex charting software is still a thing of struggle for most of the Forex traders. 
Reply by John Falcon submitted Oct 18, 2016 This client contacted us claiming there were delays in his execution time but when we asked him to provide proof (screenshots), he did not have any to show us. His withdraw was approved in 48 hours. However, his bank returned the money to our account because the provided bank information was incorrect. Since then we have been eagerly trying to contact him via phone and email to send him his money but we do not get a response.
Our trading robots use proven and tested trading strategies that have been working in the Forex market well before we automated them. Our trading robot strategies are based on real people, real traders thus we call our trading robots -  Automated trading Systems with Character. To learn how we build our trading robots Download the FREE Trading Strategy E-Book below.
Although some firms advertise "over 95% winning trades," consumers should verify the validity of all advertising claims. In some cases, software providers will provide authenticated trading history results to demonstrate the efficacy of the programs they're selling. However, it's important to be cognizant of the oft-used disclaimer – past performance is no guarantee of future results.
IG placed first with 15,000 tradeable instruments available including 95 forex pairs and boasts the most regulatory licenses among all brokers, including from top-tier jurisdictions such as the US, UK, and Switzerland, among others. IG placed first with 15,000 tradeable instruments available including 95 forex pairs and boasts the most regulatory licenses, including from top-tier jurisdictions such as the US, UK, and Switzerland, among others. IG also significantly expanded its range of cryptocurrency CFDs on a year-over-year basis and provides access to global stock exchanges through its share-dealing account offering (for more information about IG’s share-dealing offering, read our IG Group UK share dealing review on our sister site, StockBrokers.com).
In a nutshell, with automated software you can turn on your PC, activate the program and then walk away while the software trades instead of you. This is the basic principle. The purpose of our article is to tell you more about the aspects of automated software, so that you will be able to choose the best automated Forex trading software in accordance to your needs. 

Google is an excellent place to go for a single page of latest news, blog alerts, and the P&L & Balance Sheet of any stock, and if you only need a rapid view of the general stock this is still a good stop of point for a general look. The news reports can be overlaid on top of the stock price which is unique and valuable to the investor interested in how news plays out in the stock price.
Where do we start! There are NUMEROUS differences between the older FAPT1 series and our latest FapTurbo™ 3.0 series. While our FAPT1 series was primarily a Scalper, our FapTurbo3.x includes FOUR different types of strategies you can trade with: the Medium-Term Strategy (MTS) + Flash 3.0 + our legacy Scalper & original ForexAutoPilot Long-Term strategies! Besides that, FAPT3.0 has serevral improvements over the original FAPT1 series, plus you can easily install it on your MyfxChoice Mt4! Plug and play solution. Real no brainer!
cTrader: A great platform with a growing reputation amongst brokers because the cTrader interface is more smooth-running, neater and easier to navigate than the MetaTrader platform. It was made to meet the unique requirements of no-dealing desk brokers and provides plenty of tools that greatly increase the efficiency of transparent and direct executions.

If you are trading with a reputable broker, the chances that you are on MetaTrader 4 or MetaTrader 5 are pretty high. If you are on this platform and you are looking for an advanced charting solution - you should look no further. MetaTrader platforms are great because they are available with a great number of indicators attached to them, along with a lot of time frames for your analysis. What's more, customising your charts' look and adding your own indicators is simple to do.
Hi, I'm Hugh Kimura and I'm the founder of Trading Heroes. My mission is to help you harness your unique strengths to become the best trader you can be. Over 90% of traders fail because they are trading a strategy that is built for someone else. Breaking out of the cycle of system hopping and long losing streaks begins with understanding your Trading Personality. Download this free PDF to learn more...

Candlestick charts present the same information with more visual variety. This type of chart uses two different colors to indicate the direction of change over time, one color for up and another for down. A thin line represents the range of prices offered throughout the day with a thicker bar filling the space between the open and close prices. Traders can determine whether the open price is higher than the close price based upon the color of the bar. Typically, lighter colors indicate a pair closed higher than it opened, while darker colors indicate a fall in price between the open and the close.
In fact, the platform has a special community of resources available at ninjatraderecosystem.com, where you can purchase a trading robot that carries out order executions, receive daily education and training as well as customize your trading indicators, signals and strategies. A market replay feature also allows traders to download historical data and simulate trades for further practice.
In general, client-side platforms consist of those forex trading platform products which require that the software be downloaded onto the trader’s personal computer or onto a remote server that the trader then pays a fee to use space on and access. This term is often used to contrast such downloaded platform installations with web-based forex trading platforms.

Other types of software make use of specific algorithms and unique methods designed to increase the profit ratio. They take the basic autobot to a different level. This type of software monitors the market and trades on the traders behalf, thus saving the trader time. It collects the data and information from the Forex market and mines the data to make the trades based on concrete facts. It makes the trading simpler and the trader does not have to monitor the market around the clock.

Cross Currency Pairs signifies secondary currencies traded against each other and not against the U.S. dollar. Examples include Euro vs. the Japanese Yen (EUR/JPY) or the British Pound vs. Swiss Franc (GBP/CHF). Most reputable brokers offer this category of trades, and it’s especially important for a forex trading account denominated in a currency other than the U.S. dollar, or for more advanced traders capitalizing on discrepancies between other economies.
Last but most definitely not least, anyone thinking of using auto trading software must understand the risks involved. There is a good reason why most robots return a very high win to loss rate (often above 80%, sometimes even 90%). That reason is that simply having such a high win rate means that when you do suffer a loss, that loss is substantial. You must be able to psychologically absorb the occasional such loss in the face of a streak of much smaller wins. It is simple mathematical probability that an automated system that wins 90% of the time has wins that are much smaller than its losses.
Almost every forex broker aims to provide its clients with research content and tools to find and analyze investment opportunities. At the same time, we are living in the digital information age where traders can get lost in the sea of forex news headlines, making it hard to get the information they need unless brokers provide the right structure for forex research.
I urge you to send me email if you need any help. This is my email address: michellerosberg72@mail.com By now you know that my first priorities are the kids, but I will really try answer all of your questions within 24 hours. Be patient with me on this one… By the way, I am getting so many supportive emails from all over the world, thanking me for changing people's lives. It's making me stronger knowing that! Thank you everybody! 

When you sign up with a broker, your money is gone the instant you send it in. What I mean is, if you try to take it out you have to supply them with your entire identity with card numbers, photos, addresses, etc. And, to make things worse, if you accept their “bonus” money that gets added to your account, you have to reach a certain trading volume before you can withdraw anything. So, if you deposited $500 and you get a $120 bonus, this comes to (500+120) x 20 = $12,400 before you can withdraw even one penny. With the results below, that will never happen.
Depending on your broker terms, you can start trading with as little as $100. Remember that starting out with low trading capital may put you at disadvantage because you will only be able to trade the market in small share sizes. We recommend that you start with capital of $1,000-5,000 USD or train on a Demo account till you are satisfied with the performance.
If you spend 25.00 or more, you will receive a free 3 day 2 night vacation. Your choices of 20 destinations include:  Las Vegas, NV, - Reno/Lake Tahoe, NV, - Branson, MO, - Gatlinburg, TN - Pigeon Forge, TN, - Kissimmee, FL - Orlando, FL - Myrtle Beach, SC - Anaheim, CA (Disneyland Area), - San Antonio, TX, - Daytona Beach, FL, - Lake Tahoe, CA, Pocono Mts., PA - Pheonix/Scottsdale, AZ - Charleston, SC - Hilton Head, SC 
hi folks I am really happy to say that i am revealed to come upon this site... I have never seen any forex software exposed in real life account like this. And i really appreciated to find this site... and i already sent it to my two friends to look at it and see what they get from it. I cant wait to get ma hands on this EA... I lost $5000 trying to trade forex after taking 2 years trading, but what makes me happy is that i never had that thought of quiting, so with God's help i am in this site today which i think it will end my days of frustrations. Thank you all guys to bring something like this. Bill
OANDA doesn’t provide any products to American investors besides forex. In some ways, the clarity and concentration of a forex focus is ideal for all types of forex investors. The inexperienced can set their sights on mastering one corner of the market. The seasoned can take advantage of a trading platform that’s designed to manage nothing but forex. That said, if being able to diversify your interests while staying within the same brokerage is important to you, check out thinkorswim or Ally Invest.
The best Forex charting software usually makes it possible for the traders to be able to trade through the charts they have provided. This comes in handy when the trader studies the charts and applies the findings of the study into trading. One more thing to be considered is the availability of historical data through the software. The best Forex charting software should be able to provide the trader with data on historical rates for easy planning and predictions. 
Entry cost. The market for robots is extremely competitive and this has driven the price down over time. Considering the performance of some of the better robots, the money you pay upfront can soon be recouped if you trade it on a reasonably sized account. (Disclaimer: always trial the forex ea in a demo account first until you are comfortable with its performance)

Back-testing – Always look for a Forex trading robot that has been back-tested on various currency pairs, and in a variety of market conditions. Failure to do so will potentially mean you’re flushing all your hard earned cash down the pan. Back-testing will show you how the program would have functioned in different market conditions such as high and low volatility, announcements, and important news. It will also indicate possible losses, wins, maximum drawdown, and the risk and reward that are possible. A genuine robot merchant shouldn’t mind if you choose to do the back-testing yourself. But if they do then this is a sure fire sign that the robot is really pretty worthless.
Where do we start! There are NUMEROUS differences between the older FAPT1 series and our latest FapTurbo™ 3.0 series. While our FAPT1 series was primarily a Scalper, our FapTurbo3.x includes FOUR different types of strategies you can trade with: the Medium-Term Strategy (MTS) + Flash 3.0 + our legacy Scalper & original ForexAutoPilot Long-Term strategies! Besides that, FAPT3.0 has serevral improvements over the original FAPT1 series, plus you can easily install it on your MyfxChoice Mt4! Plug and play solution. Real no brainer!
2. If we are honest, it’s also a bit of an ego-boost. We want people to remember that we were the first people to create an automated Forex Robot that actually works in such a profitable way and over delivers. We are really tired of all those mumbo-jumbo promises of quick riches popping up on the net every other day and we want to be the beacon of light for the average person trying to make a decent living.

Founder/president of the innovative reference publisher The Archive LLC, Tom Streissguth has been a self-employed business owner, independent bookseller and freelance author in the school/library market. Holding a bachelor's degree from Yale, Streissguth has published more than 100 works of history, biography, current affairs and geography for young readers.


Yes, of course, you have full control of the robots and your trade account. Our robots use very strict risk management system and will risk only small % of your account per trade. By default, robots will risk 1% of your account per trade, you can adjust the risk per trade based on your risk tolerance. Our recommendation is to risk 0.5% to 2% of your account per trade.
Moreover, UTIP trading solution is lighter that most of the other solutions. Due to this, this platform will allow you to make more charting using less power of your computer. So if you are thinking that you are underperforming because the platform takes too much resources or simply your computer does not have enough juice, you should have a look at UTIP platform!
FXCM Trading Station Mobile: This service offers a wide range of trading tools in addition and easy access to forex markets. The app grants access to more than 56 currency pairs, and users can place and manage forex trades through it. A free in-app demo is offered to new users who would like to try the platform risk-free before they decide to sign up and fund accounts for real FX trading.
This is not Alex. My name is Jacob and i am part of the FapTurbo Support Team. We do not encourage several multiple changes in Live Account numbers on our Customer's Licenses. We have already informed you before and our response remains the same. For now, send us the proofs of closure as required and we will forward your case to the higher management for consideration. This is the last time we will tolerate any further requests on your current license.
I had FT 1 running on InvesttechFX which turned out to be a fraud company as the emails for withdrawal went unanswered, but with their low spreads and closing out early I made over $10K on $1.5K deposit in 3 months. After the drop in market activity FT made no profit at all. FT2 has made no profit at all. This high level marketing they do seems to be grossly over exageratedin its description.
Далее приходит срок экспирации по инвестпортфелю (конец апреля) и они не дают четких распоряжений, тянут время, отвечают с задержкой, переадресовывают один-другому- поэтому я просто принимаю решение зафиксировать минимальный убыток http://prntscr.com/f8m9ba http://prntscr.com/f8mln6 . И вроде бы можно немного успокоится, но не тут-то было, теперь они не торопятся восстанавливать мой счет на условиях страховки от убытка и как следствие выводить депозит! Я попытался связаться с их регулятором и когда узнал, что у них ПРОСРОЧЕН сертификат соответствия http://prntscr.com/f8suda – я сразу же принял решение выводить то, что есть на балансе, не дожидаясь восстановления счета. Сегодня 17.05.2017 мне позвонил Фомин с скрытого номера и в условиях плохой связи пытался навязывать мне свое мнение о том, что я не дождался восстановления счета, что самостоятельно закрыл сделки, что еще не истек срок инвестиционного периода, готов был предложить другого управляющего. Когда он понял, что его уловки не работают, он прервал разговор, сославшись, что будет совещаться с руководством. 

One of my friends has developed an EA which is able to plot support/resistance lines on the charts. It doesn’t take any positions at all. So it is not an auto-trading robot. It just plots the lines. He wants to share it on LuckScout for free. It is a while that I am checking it to see if it is good enough to be shared on the site, and I have come to this conclusion that it can help novice traders learn technical analysis much easier and better. So I have decided to share it on the site. This is also the example of a good “white hat” robot. So in general I agree with you that some robots can help.
Using AI through algorithmic trading is anything but an assurance of good performance. These programs are fallible for many reasons in their own right, otherwise, every single trader would be using them. Keep in mind that automated software does not guarantee an infinite amount of successful trades, it just offers you more information with which to interpret the market.
FTC Required disclaimer: Unless otherwise stated we have no connection to the person giving the testimonials. Where we do have a material connection to the person we will clearly state the connection. Testimonials are not indicative of future performance or success. The betatesters used in the video testimonials were provided a review copy of the product and a result has a material connection to our website, which may influence their opinion. In the interest of full disclosure we can not say that these results are representative of all users. We simply share the results our betatesters that were achieved during the forex trading. The results are not indicative of future performance or success.
Risk Warning: Trading involves the possibility of financial loss. Only trade with money that you are prepared to lose, you must recognise that for factors outside your control you may lose all of the money in your trading account. Many Forex brokers also hold you liable for losses that exceed your trading capital. So you may stand to lose more money than is in your account. Evestin Forex takes not responsibility for loss incurred as a result of our trading software (Trading Robots). By signing up as a member you acknowledge that we are not providing financial advice and that you are making a decision to place trading robots to trade on your own account. Trades are done automatically and, thus, do not require human intervention. You as an independent and self-directed investor are fully responsible for the trading robots and any trades robots place on your account. Any advice given by Evestin Forex is general product advice only. Please consult your licensed financial advisor to decide if algorithmic trading in Foreign Exchange is suitable for your personal financial situation.
Hahah, FapTurbo.. Hoping that they allow me to reactivate my live account because when u buy fapturbo they give you two brokers they Recommend and the one I chose was FxChoice(their top pick) and after a few backtests to find out what the settings do(no explaination anywhere) i was atleast familiar with settings so I went live with 100 bucks(they want u to do this to give u fapt premium-why is there more than One ea?) so i get the live account going and after two weeks trading with default settings(their reduktor setting on 40 and not 10) i see commissions and swap fees from FxChoice is more than profit and I have lost 2% of my account. 

At the center of everything we do is a strong commitment to independent research and sharing its profitable discoveries with investors. This dedication to giving investors a trading advantage led to the creation of our proven Zacks Rank stock-rating system. Since 1986 it has nearly tripled the S&P 500 with an average gain of +26% per year. These returns cover a period from 1986-2011 and were examined and attested by Baker Tilly, an independent accounting firm.
Test waters in the competitive Forex trading. Learn how to perform basic currency trading and master advanced strategies without spending a dime! Forex Tester 2.0 simulates Forex environment, supplying the trader with real data on ... try various trading strategies without risking your money. Forex Tester 2.0 operates with real historical data, allowing ...
Trading can be diversified – With an automated trading system a trader can trade a number of accounts, each with a different strategy, if that is what they want to do. This allows risk to spread over a variety of instruments as well as create a hedge against losing positions. A computer is much more efficient as this form of multitasking than a human, and can execute orders in milliseconds, as well as scour a range of markets for trading opportunities and monitor a number of different trades.
It’s possible you’ve already read raving reviews about other well-known robot-supported trading platforms like AvaTrade, eToro, FXCM or Trading Station – none of which are currently legal in the U.S. This is due to the restrictions implemented in the Dodd-Frank Act of 2016, which banned CFD trading (a popular form of derivative trading) in an effort to protect consumers who had, in the past, lost the vast majority of trades partly due to the fraudulent practices of brokers. While these platforms are available across most other continents, make sure you are still practicing safe trading under more lenient laws.  

Becoming a profitable Forex trader means spending time watching the movements of the currency markets, and keeping up with world economics and news. Which used to mean hours spent sat at the computer, trying to keep up to date with relevant events. However, there is now a tool that can save traders from such an onerous task, and it comes in the form of Forex robots, or automated trading. This useful tool has become very popular, particularly in today’s busy world, and many traders are now taking advantage of a system that can do everything for them, apart from providing the necessary funds. So that today’s modern Forex trader can get on with their normal life, without constantly worrying about the state of the Forex market.
GAIN Capital’s Forex.com platform followed in fourth place, as the broker launched its responsive Web Trading platform powered by Trading View, helping to complement its innovative desktop-based FOREXTrader Pro platform. In addition to launching its web-based platform that runs on HTML5, the broker more than doubled the number of indicators to 139 in its desktop platform.
We understand some of you are concerned with the way our FapTurbo2 Premium robots trade. The first thing you must keep in mind is that our FapTurbo robots have always been counter-trend traders, which is why the positions taken by the robot may seem counter-intuitive to you. However, you are not helpless in the matter; we have provided all the possible parameters that you could use to either refine the robot's trading and to filter out bad trades as well. If you are not content with the way our robot chooses trade directions, simply set the ReverseTrading parameter to 1 (which will force the robot to trade WITH the trend instead of against it). Furthermore, you should use the robot's filters such as the FilterMA and TrendFilter to filter out trades that could go bad with a strong intermediate trend.
This client has already received his money. The delay he mentions was due entirely to his own bank, who returned the money to us because the information provided by the client was not accurate. Once we were able to contact the client again and clear up the missing details in his bank wire information, we resent the funds and he received them without any problem.

Hi friends, Thank you for FAP Turbo. This is fist time when I got even more then I expect. Your software is really amazing. In only 5 days I was double my account and I sleep good. I'm not newbie, I have good results with my manual trading. I was learned about forex with Platinum Trading Solution and paid for it $4140. But FAP Turbo is something special, I live in Croatia and FAP Turbo make me money when I sleep in time when I didn't trade before. God bless you guys.
For instance, some traders will want a program that generates reports, or imposes stops, trailing stops and other specific market orders. Real-time monitoring is also a "must-have" item in any automated system. Other traders, especially beginners and the less experienced, may want a simpler "plug and play" type of program with a set-and-forget feature.
Purchased through clickbank having considered buying some years ago and thinking as its been around for so long it may be worth giving ver 2 go. The software never came close to producing a profit loosing £6 over 2 months. After contacting them I was told to wait for a modified version which turned out to be a Bit Coin mod which needed an account deposit of about $2000 to make it work. Seemingly the guys at FAP Turbo are spending most of their time emailing their customer base trying to earn money through affiliate marking to other Forex Based suppliers. Don't waste your time and money like most of the others it does not work and I have the statements to prove it.
Using Online Forex Trading software you can receive up to 50:1 leverage, the futures industry offers on average 15:1, while the Stock market typically offers 1:1 to 3:1 leverage; higher levels allows money to compound more quickly. However, a high degree of leverage can lead to larger losses as well as gains, and therefore requires additional risk management.
I urge you to send me email if you need any help. This is my email address: michellerosberg72@mail.com By now you know that my first priorities are the kids, but I will really try answer all of your questions within 24 hours. Be patient with me on this one… By the way, I am getting so many supportive emails from all over the world, thanking me for changing people's lives. It's making me stronger knowing that! Thank you everybody!
Yes, there are always potential risks when trading in any market, but automation software may help you avoid serious losses. Most importantly, keep a checklist of the most important features you're looking for in a program, the level of customer support, and of course, that no trading system can guarantee 100% winning trades and that past performance is no guarantee of future results. 
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